Please visit Mick West's excellent Demonstration of Refraction on Metabunk and try his Refraction Simulator too.
Note: This App may not be used for real Search and Rescue Operations. It is for demonstration purposes only!
Note: This Flight Plans must not be used in real flights, because the plans produced by this App are not accurate, because the earth is not flat but a globe.
Deutsche Version: Das Wahre Gesicht der Erde, Kameradistanz spielt eine Rolle
I derive the formulas to compute the distance between two points for both models. The computations can be carried out using a calculation form. An example is then used to decide which model corresponds to reality.
In this article, this effect can be calculated with a calculation form. The calculation is verified by means of a real flight. In addition, all the formulas used are listed and explained.
Deutsche Version: Zentrifugal- und Gravitationsbeschleunigung in einem Flugzeug